Conventions

Second Continental Congress Had two Jobs:

  1.  Win the War
  2. Run new Goverment

Paton Randoph- first presiding officer of the 2nd continental congress.

Richard Henry Lee: 2 proposals:

  1. Proposed writing Declaration of Independence.
  2. Proposed Constitution.

The Articles of Confederation (1st US Constitution)

  1. No chief Executive (President)
  2. No Federal Judiciary (National Courts)
  3. Only had one branch- congress
  4. The congress had no power to Tax
  5. The Congress could not regulate interstate trade

1781-1787 “The Critical Period” when country used articles of confederation

The Mount Vernon Conventio- Virginia and Maryland met to reach an agreement on the regulation of trade between the 2 states. It works

The Annapolis Convention wanted similar deal (as vernon convetion). Its famous for calling out the Constitutional Convetion

Constitutional Convention of 1787 (Delegates of Philadelphia)

  • 55 delegates
  • educated
  • wealthy
  • experienced
  • white
  • male
  • average age forty two
  • George Washington presided over the Constitutional convention
  • James Madison, Nicknamed “Father of Constitution” is credited for writing the constitution and keeping very detailed notes of the convention.

Delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia were incharge of changing the Articles of Confederation but they agreed to write a New Constituiton and not revise the articles. Major plans:

  1. Virginia Plan- Proposed by Edward Randolph
  2. New Jersey Plan proposed by William Patterson

Virginia Plan:

  1. States represented= Congress depending on Population number.
  2. Congress- Bicameral, 2 houses.
  3. lawyerhouse elected by people
  4. Upperhouse chossen by lawer house.
  5. Executive, legislative, and Judicial.

New Jersey Plan

  1. States equally represented by congress.
  2. Congress would be “unicameral”
  3. Powers of Congress would be limited
  4. Goverment divided into 3 parts (Executive, Legislative, Judicial)

Other Compromises

3/5 compromise

  • 3/5 of the slave population would be counted for: Taxation, Representation

The Commerce Compromise: No Export tax in US.

Compromise of the slave trade: The slave trade to the US would end in 20 years.

Compromise on the executive- Only 1 president, elected by the electoral college (not directed by the people)